Differences between Permanent and Temporary Staff
What are the differences between temporary and permanent staff in terms of their job satisfaction and how their health is catered for? Who are the best types of employees to employ?
This proposal aims at undertaking an extensive research on the best type of staff to employ, either on the permanent or temporary basis and which type of staff is more satisfied with their job and health welfare while at the company using both theory and experiments to achieve the best results.
Permanent staffs are employees hired by a company for an unpredicted period of time while temporary employees are those that are employed for a limited period of time all this depending on the organization employing the person (Collins et al., 1999). Permanent employees are entitled to other benefits like medical covers, pensions and holidays, unlike the temporary ones who may work on full time or temporary time depending on their situation though they may receive some benefits in some instances. Most permanent employees are paid salaries at the end of the month whereas temporary ones may be paid hourly, daily or at the end of a specified time in form of wages.
In addition, permanent employees are protected from unprecedented job termination by well spelled out policies that include an advance notice in the instance of layoffs and procedures of instilling discipline. On the other hand, temporary employees are not protected and can be fired at any time that the employer is discontented with him or her. Permanent employees have the privilege of joining unions that they can enjoy services ranging from financial and social benefits in the time of their employment. Many employees have referred permanent employees as the most committed because they look for career development within the industry while the temporary ones become more committed if there is a chance of a renewal of contract because it acts as a motivating factor (Sobaiah et al., 2012). The permanent employees are mostly common in the public sector while the temporary ones dominate the private sector. Also, the temporary employees are entitled to an overtime pay while the permanent ones rarely get an overtime pay because they are paid at the end of the month. In the recent past, temporary employees have been liked by most Germany logistic companies. Permanent employees in many companies enjoy medical cover at whenever at workplace they are assured of their safety. These health covers are acquired from insurance companies and in the case of sickness a member is taken to hospital under the companies bills. For the temporary staff, few companies’ offer medical covers for them and with this they are never satisfied medically. When it comes to medical satisfaction, permanent employees are the most satisfied because they are protected from job termination, unlike their temporary counterparts who can be fired at any time.
i. Data sources
In the identification of the topic, research papers and guidelines used for research were selected. They ranged from articles from the internet on this topic, journals, and other related books. All the studies put into consideration the differences between temporary and permanent employees and how health matters and job satisfaction of this two types of staff is looked into. I have to analyze the differences between this two types of staff to come up with their differences that are vital in the research.
ii. Time to be invested in research
The research is estimated to take approximately two weeks to do this research. This is because one is required to visit a company and conduct interviews, issue questionnaires and do observation in the environments where this two types of staff work. The time will also be used to compare the data acquired so as to come up with the correct information from the research.
iii. When field works will take place
The field work to do the research on the differences between temporary and permanent employees is scheduled to start immediately my proposal is accepted and I have acquired all the required resources to start the research.
iv. Number of participants
I have targeted more than fifty participants ranging from the interviews to assistants in the research. The participants have to be free from bias to avoid any aspect of false information.
v. The number of interviews to be conducted.
I will interview an equal sample of both permanent and temporary staff to get a clear knowledge of their differences. I will also interview the employers to know the type of employees whom they prefer most.
Job satisfaction can be defined as how one is contented with his or her job. It can depend on how management treats employees and also on individual perception (Gruenberg, 1979). The two types of job satisfaction include the affective one that mainly involves the emotional feeling of an individual about his or her job. The other one is cognitive that deals with the level of contentment regarding some chosen aspects of the job (Spector, 1997). Such aspects include pay and benefits. Depending on the type of employee one is in the organization, that is permanent or temporary the level of job satisfaction varies. Also, the health of employees tends to affect how satisfied they are in their jobs since without good health working is difficult. Thus as job satisfaction is looked into, the health of the employees must be looked into. Permanent employees tend to have the highest levels of job satisfaction than the temporary employees as they enjoy job security.
With this, the research on the difference of job satisfaction levels among the permanent staff as compared to the temporary ones can easily be identified. Before answering my research question on who between the permanent and the temporary employees enjoy good job satisfaction I will have to first conduct the interviews and questionnaires to get the best response from them. Secondly, I will have to analyze all the data got from the field research and also compare it with the theoretical perception of the same to come up with the best answer to my research question. The virtue of job satisfaction being personal will favor my research, methods like use of questionnaires and interviews as each employee will offer personal data.
In the process of conducting the research, I expect to face some challenges. These include;
I. Uncooperative employees who may not be willing to offer the correct information.
II. Vagaries of nature like poor climate may affect movements during the research period.
III. Harsh supervisors who may not be willing to stop the operations for the interviews to be conducted.
IV. Insufficient funds to facilitate the process of research.
With this, it will be important to conduct a reconnaissance so as to familiarize me with the field before the ideal fieldwork day. This will help me to minimize the unprecedented bottlenecks on the day of field research.
The research will not involve employees much because they may hide some information regarding their organizations but wholly deal with the employees alone. The research will also make use of only closed questionnaires instead of the open-ended once so that the respondents can give only the required data.
Collins, V. R., & Mirza, M. (1999). Working in tourism: The UK, Europe & beyond, for seasonal and permanent staff. Oxford: Vacation Work.
Gruenberg, M. M. (1979). Understanding job satisfaction. New York: Wiley.
Spector, P. E. (1997). Job satisfaction: Application, assessment, cause, and consequences. Thousand Oaks, Calif: Sage Publications.
Sobaih, Abu Elnasr E, Ritchie, Caroline, Coleman, Phil, & Jones, Eleri. (2012). Part-time restaurant employee perceptions of management practices: an empirical investigation. Emerald Group Publishing Limited.