Tue. Aug 4th, 2020

Recovering Drug and Alcohol Abusers Essay

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Recovering Drug and Alcohol Abusers
Recovering Drug and Alcohol Abusers Laudet, A. B., & Humphreys, K. (2013). Promoting recovery in an evolving policy context: What do we know and what do we need to know about recovery support services?. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 45(1), 126-133.
Laudent is the director of the center for the study of Additions (CSTAR) and a research expert in the field of addition recovery. Humphreys is a professor of psychiatry and Behavioral studies at Stanford University. The two authors have worked tirelessly researching about the fiend of drug and substance abuse, with more focus being directed towards promoting recovery programs. Recovery from drug and substance abuse has grown to become both a concept and a movement. It has continued to guide the substance use discover policy and services. For instance, the rise of recovery support services has significantly attempted to help the addicted persons by using a very comprehensive care model. The information presented in this article is very crucial in helping health care providers to develop support services that guarantee the most effective drug and alcohol abuse recovery programs.
The authors of this article reviewed the policy environment which surrounds the support services needed in the drug and substance abuse recovery process. Further, the authors sought to reveal the need these support services should seek to address.
The current status of the existing recovery support services (RSS) are also analyzed in detail. Following their research, the authors conclude that recovery support services should be assed for both cost effectiveness and overall service delivery effectiveness.
As a result, there is a need to develop a drug and substance recovery support services workforce and train then accordingly so as to help them offer quality services to the victims of drug and alcohol abuse.
Further, the authors reveal that the existing support services should seek to capitalize on the ongoing efforts so as to enable them create a health care system that is able to meet the needs of their patients.
In essence, a health care system created by these support services should be very comprehensive; patient centered and should seek to integrate all services geared towards helping victims of drug and substance abuse recover successfully.
Findings also indicate that health care providers and drug and substance abuse control agencies should engage in comprehensive research that seeks to establish the most helpful ways of helping their patients to recover fully and effectively from drug and abuse.
Support services should therefore be at the centre of the reform process. Stevens, L., Verdejo-GarcĂ­a, A., Goudriaan, A. E., Roeyers,
H., Dom, G., & Vanderplasschen, W. (2014). Impulsivity as a vulnerability factor for poor addiction treatment outcomes: a review of neurocognitive findings among individuals with substance use disorders. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 47(1), 58-72.
https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=G_E1YQ8AAAAJ&hl=en 76%
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24629886 65%
http://scholar.google.com/citations?user=4RCp7PYAAAAJ&hl=en 76%
H., Dom, G., & Vanderplasschen, W. (2014). Impulsivity as a vulnerability factor for poor addiction treatment outcomes: a review of neurocognitive findings among individuals with substance use disorders. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 47(1), 58-72.
The authors of this article have acquired diverse experience teaching and researching in different fields at different universities such as Ghent University, Universidad de Granada, Monash University, and University of Amsterdam. Coming from different departments such as Clinical Psychology, Orthopedagogics and psychiatry, the authors have taken different perspectives to analyze the issue of drug and substance addiction treatments and their outcomes. This article presents very useful information which can be used to effectively develop treatment programs for drug and alcohol abuse. Specifically, health care workers and other drug and substance abuse control agencies can use the information presented in the article to evaluate their treatment programs depending on the desired outcomes of the programs. As such, experts will be able to develop drug and alcohol treatment programs which result to favorable outcomes only while avoiding the use of programs leading to unfavorable outcomes.
The authors sought to explore the long help hypothesis which argued that the individual differences in different aspects of impulsivity such as delay discounting, impulsive decision making and cognitive disinhibition among persons with substance use disorder are closely linked to addiction treatment outcomes which are unfavorable. In their research, the authors did a very systematic review of the existing literature by using different searches such as PubMed and PsycINFO. Findings of the research indicate that impulsive decision making, cognitive disinhibiton and delay discounting played a prominent role in creating some unfavorable substance treatment outcomes such as the ability to maintain and successfully achieve abstinence during and after addition treatment periods. Preliminary evidence also indicated that risky or impulse decision making is not related to other unfavorable treatment outcomes such as immature drop outs among persons with substance disorder.
Tanner-Smith, E. E., Wilson, S. J., & Lipsey, M. W. (2013). The comparative effectiveness of outpatient treatment for adolescent substance abuse: A meta-analysis. Journal of substance abuse treatment, 44(2), 145-158. The authors of this article used a Meta analysis to analogize the effects of outpatient treatment on drug and substance use outcomes for adolescents showing signs of substance use disorders.
All the authors have a long experience researching in the field of drug and substance abuse. Tanner-Smith is an associate research professor at Peabody Research Institute (PRI) at Vanderbilt University. Wilson is a senior research associate and the associate director of the same institute.
Lipsey is a director at the institute as well. This article is provides very useful information in researching on recovery from drug and alcohol abuse. Programs which can be used to help victims recover from drug and substance abuse are discussed in detail.
Further, their effectiveness is also discussed in detail. Such information will be very useful in implementing effective programs. The article sought to identify the most effective treatment programs for adolescent substance abuse.
Results of the first analysis indicated that family therapy programs were more effective than all other conditions. The analysis also indicated that no treatment programs seemed to be less effective. The results of a second analysis showed that the adolescents in all the treatment types proved some form of reduced substance use.
Out of these programs, family therapy and group counseling were found to have the greatest improvements on the adolescents. Longer treatments were found t be associated with slight improvements. However, other participant and treatment characteristics showed very little relationships to the changes witnessed in the drug and alcohol use.
The authors opine that family therapy s the most effective form of treatment for drug and substance abuse. However, most types of treatments still seem very beneficial in helping adolescent victims reduce their level o drug and substance abuse.
Winters, K. C., Fahnhorst, T., Botzet, A., Lee, S., & Lalone, B. (2012). Brief intervention for drug-abusing adolescents in a school setting: Outcomes and mediating factors. Journal of substance abuse treatment, 42(3), 279-288.
The authors of this article are research experts at the Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota. As a result, the article has draws from the efforts of world-class research experts who have gained immense experience in the field of drug and substance use. The article presents very important programs which can help counselors, health workers and other drug and substance abuse control agencies to develop programs which can effectively help adolescents in dealing with the problem of alcohol and drug abuse. Through this article, programs which help adolescents to acquire problem solving skills can be developed and used effectively to help victims of drug and alcohol abuse recover. The article also shows the importance of integrating and involving professional counselors and parents in the programs geared towards helping victims of drug and substance abuse recover smoothly.
They used randomized controlled trials to evaluate the use of brief intervention conditions with regard to adolescents aged between twelve and eighteen years. These adolescents had been identified in a school setting as alcohol and other drug abusers.
Adolescents together with their guardians were assigned to receive a two session, adolescent only; or a two session, adolescent and parent sessions, or to receive an assessment- only control condition. Trained counselors were used to manually deliver and guide the interventions in school settings adopted.
Assessments were done with regard to the adolescents. The first assessment was done during intake to the program while the other assessment was done at the end of the six months period.
Results indicated that adolescents in the adolescents only and adolescents and parents programs showed a very significant reduction in drug and substance abuse behaviors as compared to the persons who were subjected to the assessment-only control program.
Further, the adolescents receiving the adolescents and parents session showed more appealing outcomes as compared to the adolescents receiving adolescents only program. Mediation of outcomes was also boosted by additional counseling services as well as other problem solving skills.

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